Выращивание рассады капусты в парнике

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     В отличие от выращивания рассады капусты в домашних условиях, лучше всё-таки посадить её семенами в парнике. Это необходимо также для того, чтобы на огородную грядку на даче помещать уже сформировавшиеся растения с развитыми корнями и способностью успешно расти дальше. При минимальном обслуживании и затратах выращивание белокочанной капусты происходит именно в нём. Саженцы в парнике при правильном уходе оказываются сильнее и плодоноснее. Но для начала не следует забывать, что выращивание рассады белокочанной капусты на участке осуществляется с учетом выбранного сорта, особенностей климата в регионе, а также сроков высадки молодых побегов овощей в открытый грунт.

Выращивание рассады капусты в парнике

Краткое содержание статьи

  • 1 Подготовка парника и посадка семян капусты
    • 1.1 Размеры сооружения
    • 1.2 Чем накрываем
    • 1.3 Овощные грядки для растений
    • 1.4 Готовим почву и садим
    • 1.5 Уход за сеянцами
  • 2 Подготовка и пересадка рассады овощей в открытый грунт
    • 2.1 Особенности
    • 2.2 Вредители
      • 2.2.1 Бабочка-белянка
      • 2.2.2 Крестоцветная блошка

Подготовка парника и посадка семян капусты

Размеры сооружения

     Оптимальная ширина парника на дачном участке составляет 1 метр. Шире его делать не рекомендуется, поскольку проводить прореживание и прополку будет неудобно. Длина его варьируется по вашему усмотрению, ширина же, по большому счёту, зависит от удобства его обслуживания и размеров утеплителя. При большой площади пленки под действием осадков опоры под неё могут не выдержать. Высоту парника следует сделать на 10 см больше предполагаемой максимальной высоты рассады.

Чем накрываем

     На каждый метр нужно разместить по 1 металлической дуге. Укрывной материал необходимо выбрать средней плотности. Он хорошо предотвращает рассаду от ночных заморозков и достаточно прочен. Для полной гарантии от возвратных заморозков дополнительно можно использовать обрезанные выше горлышка пластиковые бутыли, накрывая ими уже подросшие растения.

Выращивание рассады капусты в парнике

Овощные грядки для растений

     Правильная подготовка места высадки на даче — важный фактор, от которого зависит получение большого урожая. Перед высадкой растений грядку тщательно перекапываем. Попутно следует удалить все оставшиеся в земле корни сорняков. Даже если овощная грядка вскопана осенью, процедуру стоит повторить.

     Комья земли следует разбивать. Разрыхление почвы может осуществляться копательными вилами. Они не повреждают корней многолетних сорняков, при перерубании которых из одного растения получается 2-3.

Готовим почву и садим

     Почву для рассады капусты также необходимо заранее подготовить. На 4 части (объема) плодородной земли потребуется её разбавление 1 частью ТОРФА. Всю эту прелесть дополняем микроэлементами, вроде ЗОЛЫ, на всю площадь дачного парника которой хватит 1-1,5 кг.

    Сначала делаем бороздки. Ряды саженцев овощей в парнике должны располагаться параллельно его ширине, выдерживая расстояние друг от друга порядка 5 см. В них на глубину 1,5-2 см сеем семена. Между последними должен быть 1 см. После этого немного придавливаем почву ладошками.

Уход за сеянцами

     После всходов в дачном парнике сеянцы капусты нуждаются в особом уходе:

  • Сооружение можно поплотнее утеплить, обеспечив температуру днем 16-20 град и ночью — 10-12 град,
  • первые листочки уже можно обработать инсектицидом,
  • при загущенности рассады, прореживаем её,
  • после появления первых 4-5 листочков подсыпаем песок, грунт, древесные опилки в виде небольшого слоя,
  • после 2-х недель опрыскиваем раствором биоудобрений.

     Главное, содержать рассаду в хорошо проветриваемом состоянии. Пока сеянцы овощей молодые, пленку или дверцу в парник следует приоткрывать с подветренной стороны. Стоит помнить, что в таких условиях требуется больше внимания.

Источник: sotkiradosti.ru

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