Медуница в саду

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Медуница начинает цвести очень рано, сразу после схода снега из земли появляются цветоносы и раскрываются небольшие милые цветки. Цветки медуницы вначале ярко розовые, постепенно меняют свой цвет на сине-фиолетовый перед увяданием. Цветение медуницы длится с апреля по май, цветоносы удлиняются, образуют пышный кустик, на котором можно увидеть одновременно и розовые и синие цветочки.

Медуница в саду

 

Название этого цветка «медуница», готовит само за себя, это самый ранний медонос, на который слетается множество пчёл. Есть у медуницы другие народные имена – медунчик, медвежья трава, пасечная трава, медовник, медонка.

Медуница – лесное растение, но отлично подходит для украшения сада, к тому же сейчас можно найти много эффектных видов и сортов медуницы с ярко окрашенными листьями. Всего существует около 70 видов медуницы или пульмонарии  (это латинское название растения).

После цветение в июне у медуницы отрастают крупные прикорневые листья, образуя пышную розетку. По декоративности листья медуницы не уступают знаменитым хостам. Листья имеют овальную или ланцетную форму с заострённым кончиком, в длину они могут достигать 50 см, верхняя часть может быть однотонно зелёной или с рисунком серебристых пятен, как брызг, с нижней стороны листья светлые. Цветоносы и листья растения покрыты мелкими железистыми волосками.

Медуница в саду

 

Часто встречается медуница лекарственная, это растение используется не только украшения сада, но и в лекарственных целях. Есть много рецептов народной медицины с использованием медуницы  для лечения болезней лёгких, а также в укрепляющих, противовоспалительных и витаминных отварах и настойках. Молодые листья медуницы лекарственной можно использовать для салатов, а соцветия с цветками для заваривания витаминного чая.

Медуница длинолистная имеет узкие длинные листья с серебристыми пятнышками.

Медуница сахарная с широкими овальными листьями, украшенными пятнами, создающие рисунок брызг светлой краской.

Медуница валовидная– самый эффектный вид, так как светлые пятна на листьях на листьях постепенно сливаются и листья становятся полностью выкрашены в серебристый цвет.

Медуница в саду

 

У медуницы есть родственное растение – незабудка или брунера. Эти два растения в саду зацветают практически одновременно, а затем всё лето озеленяют место декоративной листвой. Медуница, брунера и хоста частые соседи в саду, так как эти растения имеют одинаковые требования к условиям выращивания и подходят друг другу по внешнему виду.

Медуница – одно из немногих декоративных растений для тенистых мест. Медуница прекрасно себя чувствует в полутени или в полной тени, её часто высаживают под кронами высоких деревьев, ведь в природе медуница растёт в лесу. Весной, пока на деревьях не вырастут листья, солнечный свет позволяет медунице пышно цвести, а летом густые кроны деревьев защищают листья от жары и солнечных ожогов, причём без солнца пятнистый рисунок на листьях будет более выразителен.

Медуница в саду

 

Медуница любит влажные места с рыхлой плодородной почвой. Перед посадкой этого лесного растения в бедную песчаную почву рекомендуется внести глину или биогумус, а поверхность земли замульчировать перегноем для сохранения влаги.

После цветения у медуницы нужно срезать цветоносы, если вы не хотите чтобы созрели семена и рассеялись вокруг.

Медуница размножается хорошо свежими семенами и делением корневища. Отделять дочерние розетки и пересаживать медуницу рекомендуется в августе. Для скорейшего укоренения пересаженную медуницу регулярно поливают и затеняют от жары.

Медуница зимостойкий многолетник, поэтому растение на зиму можно не укрывать. Листья медуницы остаются зелёными до октября.

Источник: floraprice.ru

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