Сохранение озимого чеснока до следующего сезона


Сохранение озимого чеснока до следующего сезона
Для того, чтобы озимый чеснок сохранил свои качества до следующего сезона, позаботиться об этом нужно еще при подготовке посадочного материала и почвы для посадки.

И конечно, следует обеспечить правильную агротехнику при выращивании.

Посадочный материал рекомендуется регулярно обновлять при получении вначале бульбочек, затем однозубок и от них луковиц с зубками. При выращивании важно не допустить «перекармливания» азотными удобрениями — со второй половины мая их лучше не применять.

Сохранность в большой степени зависит и от правильно выбранного срока уборки: это делают на стадии пожелтения и увядания отдельных нижних листьев. К этому времени наружные чешуи плотно облегают луковицу, но не подсыхают, а зубки под ними ярко выражены. Убирать чеснок лучше в сухую погоду.

Луковицы предварительно подкапывают, а затем выдергивают и складывают рядами так, чтобы каждый ряд был укрыт листьями последующего ряда, влага с покровных чешуй постепенно испаряется, и они не лопаются.

Затем стебли с головками просушивают (как правило, в течение месяца) на чердаке или в другом проветриваемом помещении до полного высыхания листьев и ложных стеблей После завершения сушки луковиц чеснока корешки и .ложные стебли обрезают секатором, оставляя пенек в 2-3 см.

Источник: supersadovod.ru


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