Кислица

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Кислица (Oxalis) из семейства кисличных в простонародье кислица треугольная или охарис называют еще «клевер счастья» благодаря сходству листьев. Это травянистое растение привлекает красотой многочисленных изящных листьев на длинных изогнутых черешках. Вкус листьев кислый, отсюда и название рода от греческого oxys – острый,кислый, а в Мексике некоторые виды кислицы выращивают из-за съедобных клубней.

Существует около 800 видов кислицы, это может быть однолетнее и многолетнее растение; травянистое и в виде полукустарника; может иметь корневище, луковицу или клубни; окраска листьев кислицы может быть самая разнообразная от темно-зеленого до фиолетового, лист может состоять из трех и до шести долей, треугольной или серцевидной формы. С изменением погоды или на ночь листочки кислицы складываются вместе, а цветки закрываются.  Цветки кислицы похожи на небольшие колокольчики, белого, розового, сиреневого цвета. После цветения появляются плоды-семена в коробочке.

Многие декоративные виды кислицы выращивают для украшения сада, альпийской горки, но также есть виды кислицы, которые прекрасно подходят для выращивания в доме – это Кислица Ортгиса, Кислица Рожковая.

На фото Кислица Треугольная с темно-пурпурными листьями и мелкими почти белыми цветками. Период цветения — все лето.

 

Кислица

 

Кислица

Уход за кислицей в комнатных условиях.

Кислица довольно неприхотливое растение, прекрасно переносит полутень и хорошо подходит для северных окон. Однако при нехватке света или превышение температуры 20 0С листья начинают мельчать, а черешки сильно вытягиваются.

Полив. Поливать кислицу летом необходимо часто и обильно, зимой – редко, если горшок стоит в прохладном месте, то достаточно одного раза в неделю. Летом кислица любит опрыскивание, зимой этого делать не нужно. Также с наступлением зимы кислице необходимо состояние покоя и лучше убрать всю листву, а горшок поставить в прохладное, сухое место. Летом горшок с кислицей можно перенести в сад или на лоджию, при расположении соблюдайте правила полутени, и растение порадует вас крупными декоративными листьями с яркой окраской.

Пересаживают растение ежегодно весной, так как кислица быстро растет и за лето обычно хорошо разрастается, поэтому  требует пересадки. Земля должна быть рыхлой и состоять из листового перегноя, торфа с добавлением песка в соотношении 2:1:1.

Размножается кислица клубеньками, которые образуются на корневищах, для горшка достаточно 2-3 клубенька.  Также можно выращивать кислицу из семян, которые высевают в апреле.

Источник: floraprice.ru

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