Уход за розами осенью для подготовки к зиме.

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Розы пока ещё тепло продолжают цвести и набирать бутоны, цветы переносят небольшие заморозки и поэтому могут украшать сад до поздней осени. Однако осенью уход за розами нужно менять, чтобы подготовить растения к зиме. Розы хорошо перезимуют, если за лето образуют крепкие вызревшие побеги без признаков болезней на листьях – мучнистой росы, ржавчины, чёрной пятнистости, а также при правильном укрытии.

В сентябре начинайте подготовку роз к зиме:

Уход за розами осенью для подготовки к зиме.

 

1. Профилактика от болезней. Вначале осени создаются благоприятные условия для развития болезней роз. Из-за росы, перепадов температур, дождей на листьях появляются белесые, коричневые или чёрные пятна – это признаки мучнистой росы, ржавчины, чёрной пятнистости. Чтобы розы не заболели, проводите профилактические опрыскивания бордосской жидкостью или любым фунгицидным средством, например «Топаз».

2. Удаление листьев. К концу лета розы образуют густой пышный куст и в дополнение соседние растения набирают объём, поэтому нижние листья на стеблях оказываются в тени, они первыми заболевают. В начале осени полезно оборвать все нижние листья на кустах роз, они растениям уже не нужны, первые поражаются болезнями, а после удаления листвы основание куста будет лучше проветриваться и освещаться. Листья на верхней части побегов удаляют перед укрытием роз.

3. Оставляем плоды с семенами. Летом мы регулярно удаляли увядшие цветки, обрезая верхушки побегов до первого настоящего листа. Такая обрезка стимулирует образование новых побегов с бутонами. Но осенью нужно оставить после цветения плоды с семенами для вызревания, тогда растения получат сигнал, что сезон цветения закончен, побеги перестанут расти и новые бутоны не будут формироваться.

4. Подкормка роз в сентябре направлена на стимулирование побегов к вызреванию. Побеги укрепляются, деревенеют при получении достаточного количества фосфора и калия, азот в это время вносить нельзя.

— Для подкормки роз осенью хорошо подходит монокалий фосфат. Достаточно 1 ложку удобрения растворить в ведре воды 10 литров и провести обычный полив, около 3-5 литров под каждый куст.

— Вместо минеральных удобрений розы осенью можно удобрять древесной золой. Нужно рассыпать стакан золы вокруг куста и провести рыхление.

5. Поливать розы осенью нужно редко и только в сухую погоду, так как избыток влаги в почве вызывает рост побегов и тормозит их вызревание.

Все вышеперечисленные мероприятия проводим в сентябре, а в октябре при наступлении похолодания плетистые розы и другие, которые не обрезают, нужно снять с опоры и пригнуть в земле пока их стебли гибкие. Стебли роз рекомендуется очистить от листьев.

Не спешите укрывать розы до наступления устойчивого похолодания!

Уход за розами осенью для подготовки к зиме.

 

Источник: floraprice.ru

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